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CARPINUS betulus
Common Hornbeam


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:: Betulaceae :: CARPINUS :: betulus
  • Type of products available: 1/1P9, 1/1, 1/0

Main asset

Its marcescent leaves let the tree naked a very little time in late winter, making Hornbeams well suited for opaque hedges of rapid growth.


Prune in March just before bud break, and if necessary in early summer

The Hornbeam is a secondary tree common in the woodlands of Central and Northern Europe. Its leaves are entire, toothed, and are marcescent. It supports well pruning, and is frequently used in medium and high hedges in Atlantic or continental climates.

  • Uses: Aligment, medium and high pruned hedges, natural hedges

Global caracteristics:

  • Type of foliage: deciduous
  • Habit: egg-shaped
  • Height: 25 m x 20 m (80 ft x 65 ft)
  • Growth: fast
  • Flowering period: March

Shape and colours:

  • Couleur du bois : grey
  • Foliage shape: ovate toothed
  • Foliage colour: medium green
  • Foliage colour in autumn: orange yellow
  • Flowers shape: catkins
  • Flowers colour: yellow


  • Soil type: likes clay, tolerates limestone soils but fears too acidic or dry locations.
  • Exposure: sun, part-shade
  • Hardiness: - 25 °C (-13 °F - USDA zone 5b)